The committee investigating the Jan. 6, 2021, attack on the U.S. Capitol is set to resume its series of public hearings Tuesday, which have shed light on the riot itself while also examining the events that led up to it.
The hearings have laid out evidence that shows how Donald Trump and his allies sought to overturn the 2020 election after spreading false claims that the vote was “stolen” — inspiring anger among his supporters that ultimately led to the attack.
U.S. Capitol hearings: Why should Canadians care? Extremism, security experts weigh in
Tuesday’s hearing will focus on the role extremist groups like the Proud Boys and Oath Keepers played in bringing together the violent mob that stormed the Capitol, as well as those groups’ connections to the Trump administration and Republican lawmakers — and potentially Trump’s own knowledge of their plans for that day.
The hearing is expected to further fill in the picture of the attack and the forces that led to it, after a string of bombshell revelations from the committee over the past month.
Here’s what has been revealed so far:
‘Trump was at the centre’
The first public hearing on June 9, held in primetime and watched by at least 20 million people, laid out the committee’s case as the story of a president eager to prove the election had been stolen, and who then sat back and watched as his supporters beat police and broke into the Capitol.
Video was played from depositions with several senior Trump administration officials and chief advisers — including Trump’s daughter Ivanka — that revealed they rejected the various claims of election fraud being circulated by the president and his allies.
Will Jan. 6 hearings implicate sitting members of Congress in US Capitol riots?
Evidence was also presented showing Trump not only refused to intervene when the Capitol was breached, but also appeared to support some of the rioters’ calls for his vice-president, Mike Pence, to be hanged for refusing to intervene in Congress’ certification of the election.
A U.S. Capitol Police officer, Caroline Edwards, told the committee at the hearing she was “slipping in people’s blood” after trying to hold off the initial breach of the Capitol grounds. She was briefly knocked unconscious, but got back up to rejoin the fight, an incident captured on video.
Jan. 6 Capitol riot an ‘attempted coup,’ committee says at prime-time hearing
The hearing ended with a montage of people who had stormed the Capitol, including members of the Proud Boys and Oath Keepers, testifying they had travelled to Washington because they believed they were following Trump’s orders.
“Donald Trump was at the centre of this conspiracy,” the committee’s chairman Rep. Bennie Thompson said.
The second hearing on June 13 delved into how Trump and allies like Rudy Giuliani relentlessly spread claims about the election, only to double down when those claims were proven to be false or move on to even more outlandish theories.
U.S. Capitol attack testimonies paint Trump as ‘detached’ from reality after election
In videotaped testimony, Trump’s attorney general William Barr said the increasingly “crazy” theories being spread by Trump and others were “bogus” — a message echoed by a long list of aides and advisers, whose testimony was also shown.
“He’s become detached from reality if he really believes this stuff,” Barr said in video played at the hearing, speaking of Trump.
Witnesses at this hearing included a U.S. attorney from Atlanta and a Republican election commissioner in Pennsylvania, among the hundreds of officials from around the country who investigated various fraud claims and concluded they were baseless.
‘The vice-president’s life was in danger’
At the third hearing, on June 16, the committee focused on Trump’s pressure campaign on Pence to help overturn his election loss by stopping its certification and sending the results back to the states for review.
James Webb Space Telescope: NASA reveals 1st full-colour image to the world
Canadian health care on ‘brink of disaster,’ nurses say
The case for Pence to do this was laid out by lawyer John Eastman, who argued legal loopholes allowed it. But testimony from legal scholars and aides showed Trump and his allies had been told the plan was “nuts,” “crazy” and illegal, only for them to push ahead with it anyway.
Plan for Mike Pence to reject electors ‘nuts,’ ‘crazy’: Jan. 6 panel
Eastman, who was shown repeatedly invoking his Fifth Amendment rights to avoid answering questions during testimony, later asked for a presidential pardon in the immediate aftermath of the Capitol attack, the committee showed.
After Pence refused to go along with the plan, the committee showed how Trump, knowing his vice-president was inside the Capitol, whipped the crowd into a frenzy by tweeting Pence had no “courage.” Rioters were shown chanting “Hang Mike Pence” inside the building, while a graphic showed Pence came within 40 feet of a group of rioters as he fled for a safe room underground.
“Make no mistake about the fact that the vice-president’s life was in danger,” committee member Rep. Pete Aguilar said during the hearing.
Third U.S. Capitol riot hearing centres on threats against Pence
‘I will not break my oath’
On June 21, the fourth hearing zeroed in on how Trump and others pressured state officials to go along with claims of voter fraud, including using them as an excuse to send fake slates of electors to Congress — which the president’s team was also told was illegal.
The plan, the committee revealed, was to sow enough confusion and doubt about the results that Pence and other lawmakers would have no choice but to send the election back to the states.
Jan. 6 committee hears from election workers, officials pressured by Trump
But Republican officials — including Rusty Bowers, the speaker of the Arizona House of Representatives, and Georgia Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger — testified they would no go along with such schemes based on non-existent evidence.
“I didn’t want to be used as a pawn,” Bowers told the committee. He recalled telling Trump, “You are asking me to do something against my oath, and I will not break my oath.”
Refusing Trump’s pressure campaign opened Bowers, Raffensperger and other election officials and even lower-level workers to death threats, protests outside their homes and harassment. Wandrea Moss, a Georgia election worker, testified her life was destroyed after Trump and Giuliani named her and her mother, Ruby Freeman, as conspiring to alter and steal ballots.
“It’s turned my life upside-down,” Moss told the committee. “It’s affected my life in a major way, in every way, all because of lies.”
U.S. Capitol siege hearings focus on Trump’s pressure campaign to overturn 2020 election
Fears of ‘a constitutional crisis’
Trump’s efforts to strongarm the Justice Department to validate his election fraud claims was the focus of the fifth hearing on June 23, including a failed scheme to install a loyalist as attorney general.
Jeffrey Rosen, who became acting attorney general after Barr stepped down in December 2020, testified he was bombarded by daily requests from Trump and his top allies to investigate increasingly outlandish claims of fraud.
Rosen and his chief deputy, Richard Donaghue, told the committee how Trump prodded the department at various points to seize voting machines, to appoint a special counsel to probe fraud claims and to simply declare the election corrupt “and leave the rest to me and (Republican) congressmen.”
Jan. 6 committee hears of Trump’s pressure on Justice Department over election
It all culminated in an extraordinary Oval Office meeting on Jan. 3, 2021, when Trump threatened to fire Rosen and replace him with Jeff Clark, an environmental lawyer who was supportive of Trump’s claims of a stolen election.
Rosen and Donaghue, already aware of Clark’s growing influence and plans to crack down on the election if appointed attorney general, told Trump such a move would cause the mass resignation of senior Justice Department leadership.
“It may well had spiraled us into a constitutional crisis,” Donaghue testified.
DOJ ‘functions on facts, evidence, and the law’ former U.S. acting deputy AG tells Jan. 6 committee of Trump’s pressure
‘They’re not here to hurt me’
The most recent hearing, on June 28, was also the most explosive.
Cassidy Hutchinson, a former top aide to Trump’s chief of staff Mark Meadows, testified the president not only knew his supporters were armed and threatening violence before the riot began, but urged them to march to the Capitol anyway.
“They’re not here to hurt me,” she recalled Trump saying before his speech at a rally on the Ellipse the morning of the riot. She added he wanted security checkpoints removed so those who were armed could further bolster the size of the crowd.
She also testified she witnessed Meadows silently refusing to step in as the violence got out of control, telling White House counsel Pat Cipollone that Trump “thinks Mike deserves it” when told of rioters chanting for Pence to be hung. “He doesn’t think they’re doing anything wrong,” she recalled Meadows saying.
‘I’m the f–ing president’: Former aide testifies Trump demanded to join U.S. Capitol siege
Hutchinson also painted a portrait of Trump’s anger. She shared an anecdote she had heard about Trump trying to grab the steering wheel of his presidential vehicle following his Jan. 6 speech, after the Secret Service told him he couldn’t join the march to the Capitol.
At another point, she recalled the messy aftermath of Trump flinging his lunch against the wall in December 2020, after learning Barr had disputed his claims of election fraud.
At the end of the hearing, the committee’s vice-chair Rep. Liz Cheney — one of two Republicans on the committee — revealed evidence of alleged witness tampering efforts by Trump allies.
© 2022 Global News, a division of Corus Entertainment Inc.