Voters backed the incumbent conservative governor and dealt a blow to Chancellor Olaf Scholz’s Social Democrats on Sunday in Germany’s most populous state, projections based on partial counts showed.
Figures published by public broadcaster WDR forecast the Christian Democrats making small gains in the North Rhine-Westphalia state election to take 35.7 per cent of the vote.
The Social Democrats slumped to 26.7 per cent, while the environmentalist Greens more than doubled their share with 18.2 per cent — a record for the party in the state.
The pro-business Free Democrats saw a big drop in support and were on course to get 5.6 per cent of the vote. Its national leader, German Finance Minister Christian Lindner, called it a “disastrous defeat” for his party.
The far-right Alternative for Germany were also projected to take 5.6 per cent.
The election in North Rhine-Westphalia was seen as an important test for Scholz. His government at the national level has faced a challenging start tackling the fallout from the coronavirus pandemic and Russia’s war in Ukraine.
The Christian Democrats have been governing together with the Free Democrats since 2017 in North Rhine-Westphalia, which is home to almost 18 million people and includes major cities such as Cologne and Duesseldorf.
Incumbent governor Hendrik Wuest could need to enter into a pact with the Social Democrats or the Greens. An alliance between the Social Democrats, Greens and the Free Democrats — mirroring the one governing at the national level — was also feasible.
But Wuest insisted that, as the party with the biggest number of votes, the Christian Democrats were first in line to form a new state government.
Alongside the rising cost of living, the war in Ukraine and education, the issue of tackling the causes and effects of climate change in the state — with its long history of heavy industry — was considered an important election issue.
North Rhine-Westphalia was among the regions hit by a devastating flash flood last year that fueled calls to end coal mining in the state. Experts say continued burning of fossil fuels increases the likelihood of such disasters in the future.
The Christian Democrats last week won a state vote in Schleswig-Holstein, but lost power to the Social Democrats in tiny Saarland in March.