BRASILIA, Brazil –
More than three weeks after shedding a reelection bid, President Jair Bolsonaro on Tuesday blamed a software program bug and demanded the electoral authority annul votes forged on most of Brazil’s nation’s digital voting machines, although unbiased consultants say the bug would not have an effect on the reliability of outcomes.
Such an motion would depart Bolsonaro with 51 per cent of the remaining legitimate votes — and a reelection victory, Marcelo de Bessa, the lawyer who filed the 33-page request on behalf of the president and his Liberal Party, informed reporters.
The electoral authority has already declared victory for Bolsonaro’s nemesis, leftist former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, and even lots of the president’s allies have accepted the outcomes. Protesters in cities throughout the nation have steadfastly refused to do the identical, significantly with Bolsonaro declining to concede.
Liberal Party chief Valdemar Costa and an auditor employed by the occasion informed reporters in Brasilia that their analysis discovered all machines relationship from earlier than 2020 — practically 280,000 of them, or about 59 per cent of the whole used within the Oct. 30 runoff — lacked particular person identification numbers in inner logs.
Neither defined how which may have affected election outcomes, however mentioned they had been asking the electoral authority to invalidate all votes forged on these machines.
The criticism characterised the bug as “irreparable non-compliance due to malfunction” that referred to as into query the authenticity of the outcomes.
Immediately afterward, the pinnacle of the electoral authority issued a ruling that implicitly raised the likelihood that Bolsonaro’s personal occasion may undergo from such a problem.
Alexandre de Moraes mentioned the courtroom wouldn’t think about the criticism until the occasion presents an amended report inside 24 hours that would come with outcomes from the primary electoral spherical on Oct. 2, during which the Liberal Party received extra seats in each congressional homes than another.
The bug hadn’t been recognized beforehand, but consultants mentioned it additionally would not have an effect on outcomes. Each voting machine can nonetheless be simply recognized by way of different means, like its metropolis and voting district, based on Wilson Ruggiero, a professor of pc engineering and digital methods on the Polytechnic School of the University of Sao Paulo.
Diego Aranha, an affiliate professor of methods safety at Aarhus University in Denmark, who has participated in official safety exams of Brazil’s electoral system, agreed.
“It does not undermine the reliability or credibility in any way,” Ruggiero told The Associated Press by phone. “The key point that guarantees correctness is the digital signature associated with each voting machine.”
While the machines haven’t got particular person identification numbers of their inner logs, these numbers do seem on printed receipts that present the sum of all votes forged for every candidate, mentioned Aranha, including the bug was solely detected as a result of efforts by the electoral authority to offer larger transparency.
Bolsonaro’s lower than two-point loss to da Silva on Oct. 30 was the narrowest margin since Brazil’s 1985 return to democracy. While the president hasn’t explicitly cried foul, he has refused to concede defeat or congratulate his opponent — leaving room for supporters to attract their very own conclusions.
Many have been protesting relentlessly, making claims of election fraud and demanding that the armed forces intervene.
Dozens of Bolsonaro supporters gathered exterior the information convention on Tuesday, decked out within the inexperienced and yellow of Brazil’s flag and chanting patriotic songs. Some verbally attacked and pushed journalists attempting to enter the venue.
Bolsonaro spent greater than a yr claiming Brazil’s digital voting system is liable to fraud, with out ever presenting proof.
Brazil started utilizing an digital voting system in 1996 and election safety consultants think about such methods much less safe than hand-marked paper ballots, as a result of they depart no auditable paper path. But Brazil’s system has been intently scrutinized by home and worldwide consultants who’ve by no means discovered proof of it being exploited to commit fraud.
The Senate’s president, Rodrigo Pacheco, mentioned Tuesday afternoon that the election outcomes are “unquestionable.”
Bolsonaro has been virtually fully secluded within the official residence since his Oct. 30 defeat, inviting widespread speculation as as to if he’s dejected or plotting to cling to energy.
In an interview with newspaper O Globo, Vice President Hamilton Mourão chalked up Bolsonaro’s absence to erysipelas, a pores and skin an infection on his legs that he mentioned prevents the president from sporting pants.
But his his son Eduardo Bolsonaro, a federal lawmaker, has been extra direct.
“We always distrusted these machines. … We want a massive audit,” the youthful Bolsonaro mentioned final week at a convention in Mexico City. “There is very strong evidence to order an investigation of Brazil’s election.”
For its audit, the Liberal Party employed the Legal Vote Institute, a bunch that has been crucial of the present system, saying it defies the legislation by failing to offer a digital document of each particular person vote.
In a separate report offered earlier this month, the Brazilian navy mentioned there have been flaws within the nation’s electoral methods and proposed enhancements, however did not substantiate claims of fraud from a few of Bolsonaro’s supporters.
Analysts have steered that the armed forces, which have been a key part of Bolsonaro’s administration, could have maintained a semblance of uncertainty over the problem to keep away from displeasing the president. In a subsequent assertion, the Defence Ministry harassed that whereas it had not discovered any proof of fraud within the vote counting, it couldn’t exclude that chance.
Biller reported from Rio de Janeiro. Associated Press author Mark Stevenson in Mexico City contributed to this report.