Emergencies Act inquiry: What Ottawa police’s Steve Bell said


Another week of anticipated police testimony as a part of the Public Order Emergency Commission’ inquiry into the federal authorities’s use of the Emergencies Act obtained underway on Monday, with interim Ottawa Police Chief Steve Bell showing.

Bell as deputy chief oversaw intelligence, info and investigations for the Ottawa Police Service (OPS) earlier than taking the helm of the embattled police power in the course of the “Freedom Convoy” protests upon the resignation of his predecessor, Peter Sloly.

While Bell’s cross-examination continues, from the authorized steerage OPS was working below, to the usefulness of emergency powers, listed here are some key moments from the listening to to date.


During his testimony Bell said one of many gaps within the metropolis’s intelligence was how the truckers and different anti-COVID-19 restriction and anti-government protesters would look to make use of Ottawa residents as a “leverage level.”

“We’ve by no means skilled, and had no intelligence to point that it was truly going to be the leverage of the group and the actions of the protesters to make use of our group members by way of their actions, because the leverage level to be heard,” Bell said.

Later in his testimony, Bell testified that that OPS has realized it didn’t put sufficient emphasis in its early planning for and dealing with of the convoy when it got here to the impression of the protest on the group.

“I do not assume it may be understated, the actual impression of this protest was the group hurt that was created… There wasn’t any info that recognized that, and that for me is what created the necessity, the rising want for us to make it possible for we had the motion plans in place as we noticed that emerge. Our communities have been dramatically uncovered to violent exercise over that time period,” he said.

Another intelligence rift space that has already been well-explored within the fee’s hearings to-date has been round how lengthy officers anticipated protesters would keep.

On Oct. 24, Bell advised the fee that whereas there had been “common however passing reference” to the potential for the protests to increase past the primary weekend, “based mostly on the truth that it was believed to be a small group,” establishing an “egress” plan was not recognized as a precedence.


One of essentially the most notable components of Bell’s look got here by way of a doc submitted into proof: an OPS “Intelligence Assessment” dated Jan. 29, however ready a day prior.

This report contained a number of insights, together with that convoy contributors have been well-funded and stocking up on provides, that “individuals with extremist political opinions” have been backing the protest on-line, and that the “almost definitely police matter” can be the variety of automobiles on native roads.

“The Convoy will be capable of cease and successfully shut down motion in the event that they want,” it reads.

Under a piece describing the context surrounding this occasion, the report ready by OPS Sgt. Chris Kiez states that whereas “most protests are repetitive,” what they have been seeing with the convoy was “uncommon.” 

“This occasion is… much less of a ‘skilled protest’ with the usual sad players, however somewhat, is a really natural grass roots occasion that’s gaining momentum,” reads the report, which matches on to say how there seemed to be “a strong manifestation of deep discontent with how folks really feel they’re being ruled.”

Further, in describing the demographic of the protesters heading to the nation’s capital, the report calls it “uncommon.”

“The demographic of the Convoy may be very uncommon; the protests globally are made up virtually fully of middle-class members of society. Since the so-called ‘silent majority’ is numerically a lot bigger than the skilled activists. As a consequence, legislation enforcement is being met with numbers of individuals past the norm.”


Bell was questioned throughout his testimony a few authorized opinion ready for Ottawa police that he shared with different high OPS leaders, together with Sloly, on how they’d be capable of finish the convoy whereas balancing Charter rights and public security issues.

In half the legal opinion stated that “the place people or teams don’t hinder or impede vehicular visitors for prolonged intervals, they preserve the fitting to protest in to date that it doesn’t have interaction or entail illegal conduct.” 

Asked by a fee lawyer about transport vehicles and different automobiles being allowed to enter the downtown core and park throughout that first weekend, the place they later grew to become entrenched, Bell said that OPS did have the power to forestall automobiles from going downtown, saying that: “a truck is not a protected entity below the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, persons are.”

However, the OPS did not cease the convoy as a result of it hasn’t been one thing they’d accomplished with earlier vehicle-based demonstrations.

“We had at all times allowed them as a result of our expertise was they’d come they usually had left, and we had managed them, and that was an everyday incidence for us,” he said.

The lawyer then requested whether or not he agreed with Sloly’s view that the OPS didn’t have authorized authority to disclaim the “Freedom Convoy” entry to downtown and that any street or visitors restrictions needed to be commensurate to the menace. Bell said sure.

“I might completely agree, based mostly on the intelligence we had. We did not have authorized authority to disclaim the protesters from a protest. All of the exercise had been lawful and harmonious and there was no indication of something opposite to that.”


In a abstract from Bell’s summer time pre-interview with the fee, Bell’s place was outlined when it got here to the usefulness of the assorted ranges of presidency’s enacting of emergency declarations.

Bell said that when Ottawa declared a state of emergency this “created simpler avenues for OPS funding and procurement,” however that the police service “didn’t leverage any of those avenues.”

When Ontario declared a province-wide emergency, the declaration and powers this enacted “didn’t straight assist OPS” however famous it did not directly profit because the Ontario Provincial Police had enhanced capabilities.

As for the impression of the federal authorities invoking the Emergencies Act, Bell said that these extraordinary powers “have been considerably useful to OPS in ending the occupation,” although he “didn’t have an opinion on whether or not the Emergencies Act was needed.”


Part of the fee’s mandate is to seek out out what occurred to ensure that these concerned to study from the errors and guarantee they don’t occur once more. On Oct. 24, a fee lawyer requested Bell what he thought the Ottawa police may have been accomplished higher. Bell then used this chance to explain how he thinks the Ottawa police have already discovered from how they dealt with the convoy.

“In phrases of intelligence, I do know that one of many issues that we have developed is healthier capability and functionality round open supply info. What was born out of this example was a unit that is been created inside our group, particularly devoted at gathering open supply info and sharing it into intelligence,” Bell said.

“One of the issues we have been in a position to do is: we learn the intelligence in another way now. We’ve had a number of subsequent occasions on this metropolis the place we have used our expertise to leverage our operational planning,” he continued, citing the springtime “Rolling Thunder” protests for instance of how he believes the OPS “prevented a subsequent occupation to our streets.”   


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