Five years on, key ‘MeToo’ voices take stock of the movement


Once once more, disgraced mogul Harvey Weinstein sits in a courtroom, on trial in Los Angeles whereas the reckoning the accusations towards him launched marks a major milestone this month: It’s been 5 years since a short hashtag — #MeToo — galvanized a broad social movement.

The Associated Press went again to Louisette Geiss and Andrea Constand, accusers in two of the #MeToo period’s most momentous instances — Weinstein, already convicted in a New York case, and Bill Cosby, as soon as convicted and now free — to learn the way their lives have modified, whether or not they have any regrets, and the way hopeful they really feel after a decidedly combined bag of authorized outcomes.

And we spoke to the girl who initially coined the phrase — Tarana Burke, a longtime advocate for sexual violence survivors and a survivor herself — about her personal journey, the movement’s resilience, and the challenges forward.


All in all, Louisette Geiss considers herself one of the luckier ones: When she tried to expire of a resort room to flee Harvey Weinstein’s alleged advances, the door opened. She was capable of flee.

Geiss, a former actress and screenwriter who, in 2017, accused Weinstein of trying to power her to observe him masturbate in a resort toilet in 2008, was the lead plaintiff in a category motion lawsuit towards his former studio.

But preventing via the justice system — an expertise that has deeply pissed off her — was not the solely means by which Geiss has tried to manage. She’s additionally written a musical.

“The Right Girl” was waylaid by the pandemic however can be produced stay onstage someday in 2023. The present, with a high-profile manufacturing workforce that features songwriter Diane Warren, tells the story of three ladies at varied ranges of energy in a office tormented by a serial sexual predator.

“In the finish, you see that the judicial system remains to be not in the proper place to take him down,” Geiss mentioned. “It’s actually society that takes him down.”

It’s a mirrored image of Geiss’ view that the latter has moved sooner than the former to soak up the classes of #MeToo, albeit nonetheless imperfectly.

“I feel the MeToo movement positively gave predators pause to behave on their inclinations,” she mentioned. “I feel that they’ve been warned. And so they’re much less more likely to do it, however I do assume they’re nonetheless doing it.”

At instances, sure, she had regrets about coming ahead. She apprehensive about the results on her youngsters, now 7 and 5 — her youngest was solely weeks outdated when the case exploded. But it was additionally her youngsters that made her notice she needed to battle.

“In the finish, to make an even bigger change for ladies and for youngsters — to your little one, and for my youngsters — it was vital that I step up and do it,” she mentioned.

That’s additionally why Geiss, 48, continues to encourage youthful survivors to talk out — though she understands why they could not need to.

“You don’t desire your title to be synonymous with Weinstein. Neither do I,” she mentioned of her pitch to them. “But guess what? They’re not going to go away till we hold screaming about this.”


For Andrea Constand, the chief accuser in Cosby’s prison case, the previous 5 years have been turbulent, to say nothing of the previous decade.

Cosby’s attorneys loudly derided her as a “con artist” throughout the first superstar trial of the #MeToo period, in 2018. Yet the jury nonetheless convicted the getting old comic of drugging and sexually assaulting her in 2005 and a choose despatched him to jail. Then, a Pennsylvania appeals court docket freed Cosby final 12 months.

Constand had gone to police a 12 months after the encounter with Cosby, which he referred to as consensual. A prosecutor declined to press costs, later saying he had secretly promised Cosby he’d by no means be charged — a hotly debated declare that in the end undid the conviction. And the first jury to listen to her case, in 2017, could not attain a verdict.

Through the yearslong storm, Constand has remained serene. She believes these are simply early days for the movement.

“I feel it was a a lot wanted time to have the ability to tackle the difficulty (of) simply how profound sexual violence is — in boardrooms, in firms, in the leisure business and simply usually throughout,” Constand, 49, mentioned this month from her house close to Toronto, a rural retreat that she says brings her solitude and peace.

“Loads of trauma was launched,” she added. “Keeping secrets and techniques can actually could make you sick.”

The AP doesn’t title individuals who say they’ve been sexually assaulted, except they arrive ahead publicly.

She continues to work as a therapeutic massage therapist, whereas pushing lawmakers to undertake a authorized definition of consent. As jurors in each Cosby’s Pennsylvania trial and Weinstein’s in New York deliberated, they requested for the definition — however the regulation in each states was silent.

She has written a memoir, and began a basis to assist sexual assault survivors via their bodily, non secular and emotional restoration. She has additionally created a cell app the place survivors can search trauma-informed companies.

“I had every part to lose and nothing to achieve. I used to be a loser, you already know, actually, entering into,” Constand mentioned of her 2006 police criticism.

But regardless of all the twists and turns, “it was the proper factor to do,” she concluded, citing #MeToo actions round the world.

“You have … everyone popping out of that guilt and out of that silence,” she mentioned.


Harvey Weinstein. R. Kelly. Bill Cosby. Two are in jail, one has been freed.

And that is precisely how to not measure the success of the #MeToo movement, says Tarana Burke — as a scorecard of high-profile “wins” and “losses,” and thru the lens of superstar.

Rather, says the advocate for sexual violence survivors, cultural change ought to be the key metric. And by that commonplace, she says, the movement has achieved an “awe-inspiring” quantity in 5 years.

“Five and a half years in the past, we couldn’t have a sustained international dialog about sexual violence that was framed inside social justice. It was all the time framed inside crime and punishment, or superstar gossip,” she mentioned.

Burke, 49, had coined “Me Too” as half of her advocacy work greater than a decade earlier than a hashtagged tweet from actor Alyssa Milano, in the wake of the Weinstein allegations, noticed the phrase explode.

Just six months earlier, Burke remembers, she had been on an organizing retreat in California, handing out T-shirts and dreaming aloud about how she may revitalize her work and lift sufficient cash to tour Black faculties and universities to lift consciousness. When the highlight shifted to #MeToo later in 2017, her first fear was that the work behind her phrase can be coopted. But she quickly realized she had an unlimited alternative.

“The sort of shift we have to see sustainable change, we’re nonetheless working towards. But the shift we have had in the final 5 years would have taken 20 years to occur (with out #MeToo), and that is unbelievable,” she mentioned.

Burke has spent the previous few years constructing a company to advertise the movement, and has printed a raw memoir, “Unbound,” which incorporates an account of how she herself was raped at seven years outdated.

Burke notes proudly {that a} new Pew examine reveals greater than twice as many Americans help, relatively than oppose, #MeToo. But, she says, struggles stay, particularly in phrases of bringing Black, Indigenous, trans and disabled ladies into the dialog, and in shoring up fundraising.

The purpose now’s to maintain momentum going and restore the early enthusiasm.

Burke likes to remind those that inside the first 12 months, some 19 million folks went on Twitter to say “me too,” testifying to their very own experiences in a strong collective reckoning.

“This is why we’ve a movement that can not be ignored,” Burke says.

Follow AP Legal Affairs Writer Maryclaire Dale on Twitter at and AP National Writer Jocelyn Noveck at


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