Nobel Prize in Physics awarded to trio of scientists for ‘pioneering’ work in quantum science


Alain Aspect, John Clauser and Anton Zeilinger received the 2022 Nobel Prize in Physics for their work on quantum data science, it was introduced Tuesday at a ceremony in Stockholm.

Aspect is from France, Clauser the United States and Zeilinger is Austrian. The scientist had been honoured for “experiments with entangled photons, establishing the violation of Bell inequalities and pioneering quantum data science.”

“Quantum data science is a vibrant and quickly growing area,” mentioned Eva Olsson, a member of the Nobel committee. “It has broad and potential implications in areas similar to safe data switch, quantum computing and sensing expertise.”

She went on to say: “Its origin might be traced to that of quantum mechanics. Its predictions have opened doorways to one other world, and it has additionally shaken the very foundations of how we interpret measurements.”

‘A really optimistic shock’

Speaking by cellphone to a information convention after the announcement, Zeilinger mentioned he was “nonetheless variety of shocked” at listening to he had acquired the award.

“But it is a very optimistic shock,” mentioned Zeilinger, 77, who relies on the University of Vienna.

Clauser, Aspect and Zeilinger have figured in Nobel speculation for greater than a decade. In 2010 they received the Wolf Prize in Israel, seen as a potential precursor to the Nobel.

While physicists usually sort out issues that seem at first look to be far faraway from on a regular basis considerations — tiny particles and the huge mysteries of area and time — their analysis offers the foundations for many sensible functions of science.

‘It’s not like Star Trek’

The Nobel committee mentioned Clauser, 79, developed quantum theories first put ahead in the Nineteen Sixties right into a sensible experiment. Aspect, 75, was ready to shut a loophole in these theories, whereas Zeilinger demonstrated a phenomenon known as quantum teleportation that successfully permits data to be transmitted over distances.

“Using entanglement you’ll be able to switch all the knowledge which is carried by an object over to another place the place the item is, so to converse, reconstituted,” mentioned Zeilinger. He famous that this solely works for tiny particles.

“It is just not like in the Star Trek movies transporting one thing, actually not the individual, over a ways,” he mentioned.

Austrian quantum physicist Anton Zeilinger is proven on Oct. 5, 2018, on the Institute for Quantum Optics in Vienna. (Leonhard Foeger/Reuters)

When he started his analysis, Zeilinger mentioned the experiments had been “utterly philosophical with none potential use or software.”

Since then, the laureates’ work has been used to develop the fields of quantum computer systems, quantum networks and safe quantum encrypted communication.

Per week of Nobel Prize bulletins kicked off Monday with Swedish scientist Svante Pääbo receiving the award in drugs for unlocking secrets and techniques of Neanderthal DNA that offered key insights into our immune system.

They proceed with chemistry on Wednesday and literature on Thursday. The 2022 Nobel Peace Prize will probably be introduced on Friday and the economics award on Oct. 10.

The prizes carry a money award of 10 million Swedish kronor (equal to simply over $1.2 million Cdn) and will probably be handed out on Dec. 10. The cash comes from a bequest left by the prize’s creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, who died in 1895.

Albert Einstein was as soon as a winner of the celebrated physics prize, with six Canadians honoured with at the very least a share of the highest prize since 1990.


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