HomeSportsQatar's role in diplomacy ahead of 2022 World Cup

Qatar’s role in diplomacy ahead of 2022 World Cup


For a long time, Doha has flung open its doorways to Taliban warlords, Islamist dissidents, African insurgent commanders and exiles of each stripe.


Now, the tiny emirate is receiving additional scrutiny because it welcomes over 1,000,000 soccer followers from all over the world for the 2022 World Cup.


Qatar’s quest for international affect ranges large and runs deep. Flush with gasoline billions, the nation has sought to mediate conflicts far afield however its brazen stances have additionally sparked diplomatic battle again dwelling. Three Gulf Arab neighbors, together with Egypt, severed ties with Doha in 2017, accusing it of financing terrorism and harboring fugitive dissidents.


Qatar denies the fees, however there isn’t any doubt the emirate has pursued contrarian insurance policies.


Here’s a have a look at the nation’s outsized role in diplomacy all over the world.


AFGHANISTAN


The Taliban opened a political workplace in Doha in 2013, with Washington’s consent. The insurgents made their dwelling in the fashionable capital. Qatar’s Islamist leanings and shut ties with the group in the end proved very important as Doha performed host to American diplomats and Taliban officers looking for to finish America’s longest struggle. Amid the United States’ frantic airlift out of Kabul final yr, Qatar stepped up once more. It acquired practically half of all Afghan and American evacuees — greater than every other nation, successful reward from President Joe Biden. Now, Qatar has a key role as interlocutor between Afghanistan’s new rulers and the West.


REFUGE FOR ISLAMISTS


Unlike its Gulf Arab neighbors, Qatar is sympathetic to political Islam. In the early days of the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings, it guess on Islamists throughout the area. In Egypt, Qatar and its Al Jazeera satellite tv for pc information community backed the previous democratically elected however divisive president who hailed from the Muslim Brotherhood. After the military-backed ouster of Mohamed Morsi, Qatar gave his supporters sanctuary. Qatar additionally backed highly effective Islamist militias as wars erupted in Libya and Syria. That triggered accusations that Qatar was bankrolling terrorists. But Doha’s ties with militant teams have typically proved necessary to the West, which has used them to barter hostage releases in nations like Syria. While Qatar enjoys a fame as a protected haven for Islamic militants and different assorted strays, it has seen violence in the previous. Former Chechen separatist chief Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, who was dwelling in exile in Doha, was killed in a car-bombing in 2004.


ISRAEL & THE PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES


Qatar brazenly gives a base for leaders of Hamas, the Palestinian militant group that guidelines the Gaza Strip. After the 2007 cut up between feuding Palestinian factions Fatah and Hamas, Qatar sought to mediate an finish to the — nonetheless ongoing — rivalry. Doha additionally has low-level ties with Israel, cooperating with the nation to offer badly wanted help to impoverished, blockaded Gaza. The Qatari funds to Gaza have been used to purchase gasoline, pay civil servants’ salaries and supply money to needy households. Qatar has additionally been key to negotiating cease-fires between Israel and Hamas which have restored calm after 4 wars — the newest in 2021 — in addition to numerous smaller skirmishes.


CHAD


Qatar has served as a mediator between Chad’s army authorities and rebels teams because the African nation struggles with the aftermath of the 2021 killing of its longtime President Idriss Deby Itno, who had dominated the nation since 1990. Deby’s 38-year-old son, Mahamat Idriss Deby, now leads the junta. In August, Chad signed a pledge in Qatar with over 40 insurgent teams and opposition figures ahead of deliberate nationwide reconciliation talks. However, the Front for Change and Concord in Chad, the primary insurgent group in the nation blamed for killing Deby’s father, didn’t sign the pledge. It stays unclear if the pledge can be sufficient to make sure the success of the talks as a deliberate 18-month transition from army rule to democracy winds down. Elsewhere in Africa, Qatar helped mediate an finish to a diplomatic standoff final yr between Kenya and Somalia, which have been at odds over a number of points, together with oil-rich waters in the Indian Ocean.


IRAN


Qatar sits simply throughout the Persian Gulf from Iran and shares its huge offshore pure gasoline subject with Tehran. That’s required Doha to keep up good relations with the Islamic Republic. While Oman has lengthy served as an emissary between the U.S. and Iran, Qatar not too long ago hosted oblique talks between Iran and America over Tehran’s tattered nuclear deal. Its high-level ties additionally see high officers from each nations maintain phone conversations amid the nuclear negotiations. Al Jazeera covers Iran intensely and sometimes sympathetically. Separately, Qatar has beefed up its personal army and hosts the ahead headquarters of the U.S. army’s Central Command.

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