Chinese President Xi Jinping, the son of a communist revolutionary leader, was a sufferer of the Cultural Revolution and a provincial chief throughout China’s financial increase earlier than ascending to the very high a decade in the past.
On Sunday, China’s 69-year-old leader secured a broadly anticipated third time period as common secretary of the ruling Communist Party, paving the way in which for him to stay in energy for a minimum of 5 extra years — and presumably longer.
In his first decade in energy, he tightened state management over the financial system and society and promoted a extra muscular international and defence coverage, all whereas establishing himself as some of the highly effective leaders in China’s fashionable historical past.
June 15, 1953: Born in Beijing, the son of Xi Zhongxun, a senior Communist Party official and former guerrilla commander within the civil struggle that introduced the communists to energy in 1949.
1969-75: At the age of 15, Xi is amongst many educated city youths despatched to dwell and work in poor rural villages throughout the Cultural Revolution, a interval of social upheaval launched by then-leader Mao Zedong.
1975-79: Returns to Beijing to review chemical engineering at prestigious Tsinghua University.
1979-82: Joins army as aide in Central Military Commission and Defense Ministry.
1982-85: Assigned as deputy and then leader of the Communist Party in Zhengding county, south of Beijing in Hebei province.
1985: Begins 17-year stint in coastal Fujian province, a producing hub, as vice mayor of town of Xiamen.
1987: Marries Peng Liyuan, a preferred singer within the People’s Liberation Army’s tune and dance troupe. They have one daughter. An earlier marriage for Xi fell aside after three years.
2000-2002: Governor of Fujian province.
2002: Transferred to neighboring Zhejiang province, the place he’s appointed get together chief, a submit that outranks governor within the Chinese system.
March 2007: Appointed get together chief of Shanghai however stays just a few months.
October 2007: Joins nationwide management as one in every of 9 members of the Politburo Standing Committee, the highest management of the Communist Party.
March 2008: Named vp of China.
August 2011: Xi hosts then-Vice President Joe Biden on the latter’s go to to China, almost a decade earlier than Biden turns into U.S. president.
November 2012: Replaces Chinese President Hu Jintao as common secretary of the Communist Party, the highest get together place.
March 2013: Starts first five-year time period as president of China.
2013-2014: China begins reclaiming land within the South China Sea to construct islands, some with runways and different infrastructure, pushing its territorial claims to disputed areas within the very important waterway.
2017: China launches a harsh crackdown on the Uyghur and different predominantly Muslim ethnic teams within the Xinjiang area after extremist assaults. Mass detentions and human rights abuses draw worldwide condemnation and accusations of genocide.
October 2017: The get together enshrines his ideology, often called “Xi Jinping Thought,” in its structure as he begins a second five-year time period as leader. This symbolically elevates him to Mao’s stage as a leader whose ideology is recognized by his identify.
March 2018: China’s legislature abolishes a two-term restrict on the presidency, signaling Xi’s need to remain in energy for greater than 10 years.
July 2018: The United States, underneath President Donald Trump, imposes tariffs on Chinese imports, beginning a commerce struggle. China retaliates with tariffs on U.S. items.
June-November 2019: Massive protests demanding better democracy paralyze Hong Kong. Xi’s authorities responds by imposing a nationwide safety legislation in mid-2020 that quashes dissent within the metropolis.
January 2020: China locks down town of Wuhan as a brand new virus sparks what’s going to change into the COVID-19 pandemic.
September 2020: Xi pronounces in a video speech to the UN General Assembly that China goals to peak carbon dioxide emissions earlier than 2030 and obtain carbon neutrality earlier than 2060.
December 2020: Authorities announce an anti-monopoly investigation into e-commerce big Alibaba, the beginning of a crackdown on China’s high-flying tech corporations.
August 2022: China launches missiles and deploys warships and fighter jets in main army workout routines round Taiwan following the go to of a senior U.S. lawmaker, House Speaker Nancy Pelosi, to the self-governing island that China claims as its territory.
October 2022: Xi begins a 3rd five-year time period as Communist Party leader, breaking with current precedent that restricted leaders to 2 phrases.